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2018/03/13 第355期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份直接訂閱

   
 

CityTree Works to Curb Air Pollution  讓城市呼吸 ── 淨化空氣的苔蘚牆

by Evan Witkowski

One German company has a new weapon in the fight against air pollution.
一家德國公司擁有對抗空氣汙染的新武器。

  

  In almost every major city in the world, air pollution is threatening the health and lives of residents. According to the World Health Organization, seven million people a year __1__ breathing unhealthy air, which makes it the biggest environmental health risk out there. Cutting down on energy usage and driving less are two ways to improve air quality, but growing trees and other plants is one option that is often __2__.
  The German startup company Green City Solutions is making room for more plants in crowded urban landscapes. They claim that their product, a mobile installation called CityTree, has the __3__ to filter as much carbon dioxide out of the air as 275 trees. So far, it has __4__ in cities across the globe, such as Paris, Hong Kong, Oslo, and Brussels. There are two versions, one with a bench and one without. Both have space for advertising or information about the CityTree itself.
  Although the name is __5__, the installation is actually a moss culture, rather than a tree. "Moss cultures have a __6__ larger leaf surface area than any other plant. That means we can capture more pollutants," said Zhengliang Wu, cofounder of Green City Solutions. Solar power and a built-in rain irrigation system keep the plants alive while they clean the air in a 50-meter radius. Green City Solutions plans to grow and __7__ the project, so keep an eye out for CityTree on your next trip abroad. There might even be one coming soon to your own city!
1. (A) knock out  (B) die from  (C) reflect on  (D) vote for
2. (A) overlooked  (B) entertained  (C) recited  (D) frightened
3. (A) capacity  (B) disadvantage  (C) inspiration  (D) vacancy
4. (A) lingered  (B) recovered  (C) commenced  (D) appeared
5. (A) nutritious   (B) exotic   (C) misleading  (D) sufficient
6. (A) much  (B) many  (C) less  (D) little
7. (A) withdraw   (B) resist   (C) expand  (D) conserve

 

usage n. 使用;用法
startup a. 新創的 & n. 新創公司
urban a. 城市的
landscape n. 景觀;風景
mobile a. 移動式的
installation n. 裝置;安裝
: install vt. 安裝,設置
filter vt. 過濾,濾除
carbon dioxide n. 二氧化碳
version n. 形式;版本
advertising n. 廣告
moss n. 苔蘚
culture n. 栽培;耕作;文化
pollutant n. 汙染源;汙染物質
cofounder n. 共同創立者
built-in a. 內建的;嵌入的
irrigation n. 灌溉
radius n. 半徑
: diameter n. 直徑

1. according to…  根據∕按照……
The teacher grouped the students according to their height.
老師依照身高將學生分組。
*group vt. 把……分組∕分類

2. cut down on…  削減∕縮減……
Marvin needs to find a way to cut down on his daily expenses.
馬文得想個辦法減少他的日常開銷。

3. make room for…  為……騰出空間;讓位給……
I am trying to make room for my new bookshelf.
我正設法騰出空間放置新書櫃。

4. keep an eye out for…  留意……
: keep an eye on…  密切注意∕留意……
Sam asked me to keep an eye out for his lost puppy.
山姆要我幫他留意他走失的小狗。
Would you keep an eye on my son while I go to the market?
我去市場時,你可以照顧一下我兒子嗎?

1. According to the World Health Organization, seven million people a year die from breathing unhealthy air, which makes it the biggest environmental health risk out there.
根據世界衛生組織,每年有七百萬人因呼吸不健康的空氣而喪命,使其成為外頭最大的環境健康風險。

理由:
a. (A) knock out…  擊倒∕打敗……
The enemy’s sudden attack knocked out our entire air force.
敵人的突擊把我們的空軍徹底擊倒。
(B) die from…  死於……(外傷或其他外在原因)
: die of…  死於……(疾病、飢餓、年老等)
We all believed that the man died from the poison his wife put in his food.
我們都相信該男子是被他太太在食物中下毒而死的。
Leo’s uncle died of lung cancer last week.
李奧的叔叔上星期死於肺癌。
(C) reflect on / upon…  思索∕反省……
Tom took a moment to reflect on what he was about to do.
湯姆花了片刻時間思考他準備要做的事。
(D) vote for…  投票贊成……
: vote against…  投票反對……
I used to vote for that party, but I am switching to the other one this year.
我以前都投票給該黨,但今年要轉投給另一黨。
Why did you vote against the proposed tax on gasoline?
你為什麼對汽油課稅一案投反對票?
*gasoline n. 汽油
b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。

2. Cutting down on energy usage and driving less are two ways to improve air quality, but growing trees and other plants is one option that is often overlooked.
降低能源消耗以及減少開車次數是改善空氣品質的兩種方法,但種植樹木與其他植物是人們經常忽略的一項選擇。

理由:
a. (A) overlook vt. 忽略,忽視
Never overlook minor mistakes because they could lead to big problems.
千萬別忽視小錯誤,因為它們可能會釀成大問題。
(B) entertain vt. 娛樂
: entertain sb with sth  以某事物娛樂某人
The clown entertained the children with a variety of magic tricks.
那個小丑以各式各樣的魔術戲法娛樂小朋友。
(C) recite vt. 背誦;朗誦
David’s parents forced him to recite the poem until he remembered it.
大衛的父母強迫他背那首詩,直到他記住為止。
(D) frighten vt. 使驚嚇,使害怕
Jason likes to frighten little children on Halloween.
傑森喜歡在萬聖夜嚇嚇小孩。
b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

3. They claim that their product, a mobile installation called CityTree, has the capacity to filter as much carbon dioxide out of the air as 275 trees.
他們聲稱他們的產品 ── 一臺名為城市樹木的移動裝置 ── 過濾空氣中二氧化碳的能力相當於兩百七十五棵樹。

a. (A) capacity n. 能力,才能
Peter has the capacity to learn new languages easily.
彼得能輕而易舉地學習新語言。
(B) disadvantage n. 缺點;壞處
: advantage n. 優點,好處
There are advantages and disadvantages to living in a big city.
住在大城市有利亦有弊。
(C) inspiration n. 靈感
Irene drew inspiration for her poems from sunsets.
艾琳從落日得到寫詩的靈感。
(D) vacancy n. 空缺;空位;空額
There are currently no vacancies at our company.
我們公司目前沒有職缺。
b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

4. So far, it has appeared in cities across the globe, such as Paris, Hong Kong, Oslo, and Brussels.
截至目前為止,它已在世界各地的城市出現,例如巴黎、香港、奧斯陸以及布魯塞爾。

理由:
a. (A) linger vi. 逗留,徘徊不去
The man lingering in front of the bank looks suspicious.
那個在銀行前徘徊的男子看來很可疑。
*suspicious a. 猜疑的
(B) recover vi. 復原
: recover from…  從……復原
It took Jim years to recover from his illness.
吉姆花了好幾年時間才從病中康復。
(C) commence vi. 開始
As soon as Dave arrives, the meeting will commence.
戴夫一抵達,會議就會開始。
(D) appear vi. 出現
My brother appeared out of nowhere and scared me to death.
我弟突然冒出來,把我嚇得半死。
b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。

5. Although the name is misleading, the installation is actually a moss culture, rather than a tree.
雖然這個名字會讓人產生誤解,但該裝置其實是苔蘚栽培,而非樹木。

理由:
a. (A) nutritious a. 有營養的
Apart from being tasty, this fruit is very nutritious.
這種水果除了好吃外也很營養。
(B) exotic a. 異國的;奇特的
Mary can transform a simple salad into an exotic dish.
瑪麗能把一道簡單的沙拉做成充滿異國風味的佳餚。
*transform A into B  將 A 轉變為 B
(C) misleading a. 誤導人的
Misleading advertisements are prohibited by law.
誤導人的廣告為法律所禁止。
(D) sufficient a. 充分的,足夠的
Tim finally had sufficient funds to start a business.
提姆終於有足夠的資金可以創業。
*fund n. 資金(常用複數)
b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。

6. "Moss cultures have a much larger leaf surface area than any other plant."
「與任何其他植物相比,苔蘚耕作的葉子表面積都大得多。」

理由:
a. 本題測試可用來修飾比較級形容詞或副詞的修飾語,共計有下列六個:
far、much、even、still、a lot、a great deal。
Kevin’s idea is much better than mine.
凱文的點子比我的好太多了。
b. 根據上述,(A) 項應為正選。

7. Green City Solutions plans to grow and expand the project, so keep an eye out for CityTree on your next trip abroad.
綠色城市解決方案打算擴展該計畫,所以在你下次出國旅行時不妨留意一下城市樹木。

理由:
a. (A) withdraw vt. 提(款)
Carrie withdrew US$250 from her bank account this morning.
凱莉今天早上從她的銀行帳戶領了兩百五十美元。
(B) resist vt. 抗拒,抵抗
Steve cannot resist sweets or ice cream.
史提夫無法抗拒甜食或冰淇淋的誘惑。
(C) expand vt. 擴展,發展
We’re planning to expand our business into Canada and Mexico.
我們正計劃要把事業版圖擴充到加拿大和墨西哥。
(D) conserve vt. 節約,節省使用
We can conserve energy by unplugging appliances when they’re not in use.
電器不用時,我們可以拔掉插頭以節約能源。
*unplug vt. 拔掉……的插頭
b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。

 

1. curb vt. 控制,抑制
The first step to losing weight is to curb overeating.
減重的第一步是控制飲食過量。

2. weapon n. 武器
: nuclear weapon  核子武器
Nuclear weapons cause destruction on a massive scale.
核子武器會導致大規模的毀滅。
*on a… scale  以……的規模
massive a. 巨大的;大規模的

3. threaten vt. 威脅,脅迫
: threaten to V  威脅∕揚言要……
The blackmailer threatened to make the actor’s letters to his mistress public.
那名勒索者揚言要公布該演員寫給他情婦的信。
*blackmailer n. 勒索者
mistress n. 情婦

4. improve vt. 改善,使進步
: improvement n. 進步,改進
Sean has a lot of good ideas about how to improve our company’s sales.
尚恩在如何提升本公司銷售量這方面有很多好點子。
From my point of view, there is still room for improvement in this design.
以我的觀點來看,這個設計還有可以改進的地方。

5. option n. 選擇,選項
: have no option but to V  不得不……
= have no choice but to V  
Susan had no option but to quit her job in order to take care of her children.
蘇珊為了要照顧小孩而不得不辭去工作。

6. solution n. 解決之道
The merger was a win-win solution for both companies.
對這兩家公司而言,合併是雙贏的解決之道。
*merger n.(公司)合併

7. claim vt. & n. 主張,聲稱
: one’s claim to fame  讓某人∕某地出名的原因
Many experts claimed that in the future, phones will be embedded in the human body.
許多專家聲稱,電話在未來會嵌入於人體內。
*be embedded in…  嵌入在……中
embed vt. 使嵌入
The town’s only claim to fame is its beautiful scenery.
讓那個小鎮出名的唯一原因是其美麗的風景。

8. capture vt. 捕捉,奪得
The photographer captured the exact moment the lightning struck.
這名攝影師捕捉到閃電打下來的那一瞬間。

 

讓城市呼吸 ── 淨化空氣的苔蘚牆
一家德國公司擁有對抗空氣汙染的新武器。
  在世界上幾乎每一座大城市中,空氣汙染都危及居民的健康與性命。根據世界衛生組織,每年有七百萬人因呼吸不健康的空氣而喪命,使其成為外頭最大的環境健康風險。降低能源消耗以及減少開車次數是改善空氣品質的兩種方法,但種植樹木與其他植物是人們經常忽略的一項選擇。
  德國新創公司綠色城市解決方案正在擁擠的城市景觀中為更多植物騰出空間。他們聲稱他們的產品 ── 一臺名為城市樹木的移動裝置 ── 過濾空氣中二氧化碳的能力相當於兩百七十五棵樹。截至目前為止,它已在世界各地的城市出現,例如巴黎、香港、奧斯陸以及布魯塞爾。共有兩種版本,一種配有長凳,而另一種沒有。兩款皆有空間刊登廣告或關於城市樹木的相關訊息。
  雖然這個名字會讓人產生誤解,但該裝置其實是苔蘚栽培,而非樹木。綠色城市解決方案的共同創辦人吳正良表示:「與任何其他植物相比,苔蘚耕作的葉子表面積都大得多。那意味著我們可以捕捉到更多汙染物。」太陽能與內建的雨水灌溉系統維持植物生意盎然,而它會淨化半徑五十公尺範圍的空氣。綠色城市解決方案打算擴展該計畫,所以在你下次出國旅行時不妨留意一下城市樹木。甚至可能會有一個即將來到你所居住的城市呢!
答案:
1. B 2. A 3. A 4. D 5. C 6. A 7. C

 
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